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How Fire Emblem Echoes: Shadows of Valentia Modernized a Forgotten 8-bit Strategy Classic for the 3DS

INTERVIEW | Intelligent Systems on building out the story, trying out new mechanics, and why marriage and kids didn't make it into the remake.

Feature by Kat Bailey, .

Fire Emblem Echoes: Shadows of Valentia was always meant to be a relatively quick project for Intelligent Systems and Nintendo.

As originally conceived, it was meant to fill the gap between Fire Emblem Fates and Fire Emblem for the Switch. Fire Emblem Gaiden was chosen because it would allow them to try some new things without being too tough to adapt.

But Intelligent Systems quickly realized that they had the opportunity to take the raw material of Gaiden and make it into something more. With that they dramatically expanded the story and refined the mechanics without sacrificing the map design and the difficulty. We were hard on them for some of their choices in our review of Fire Emblem Echoes, but there's no denying that they had a specific vision, and that they followed through on that vision.

The original Fire Emblem Gaiden was minimalist to say the least.

Read on for our interview with director Toshiyuki Kusakihara and Nintendo's Kenta Nakanishi on the challenges of remaking Fire Emblem Gaiden, what the new characters mean to the story, and how they plan to apply what they've learned to the future of the series.

USgamer: Why did you decide to remake Fire Emblem Gaiden?

Kenta Nakanishi: To be clear, we never thought of making a remake of Gaiden, but we wanted to make a remake. In 2015, after Fire Emblem Fates, people from [Intelligent Systems] came over and said that they wanted to produce a 3DS game with things they couldn't implement in Fire Emblem Fates. But at that time we were already considering perhaps making games for the Switch, so therefore we didn't have enough time. So it led us to think, "Okay, what can we make in this short amount of time?" And that's what led us to doing the remake of Fire Emblem Gaiden. One of the reasons we decided to remake Gaiden was that it wasn't made outside of Japan, and we wanted to feature that game. And we thought Fire Emblem Gaiden could introduce unique gameplay and also be very fresh and new for new players. So this will be the third game released on the 3DS, and I think we were able to provide something that was an evolving form of the two previous 3DS games. Also, because the new 2DS XL was coming out, it was perfect timing to release the game.

USG: What were some of the challenges of translating Fire Emblem Gaiden to the 3DS?

Nakanishi: When we were making the remake, we wanted both people who had played the original and people who had played Fire Emblem Fates to enjoy it. As a concept, we wanted to leave the unique features from the original game and the old systems that were implemented and be enjoyed by new players. One of the things that we definitely wanted to emphasize was the story and the scenario. This is because one of the things that was hardest to understand in the original was the story. The story in the game was explained in the manual, and therefore it was very hard for players to understand the story and the characters involved in the game. From Fire Emblem Fates and Awakening, we noticed that people really like the in-depth story and the characters, and players had great attachment to them. We thought in the remake that we could implement that as well.

Rinea: One of the new characters in Fire Emblem Echoes: Shadows of Valentia.

USG: What were you trying to accomplish with new characters like Berkut and Rinea? I noticed that they very much play into a theme of 'royalty.'

Toshiyuki Kusakihara: We introduced the theme of royalty into the story because we wanted to deepen the world. By having this theme we thought it would be a good way to show how the difference in class affects how you think and how you act. Alm starts out as a commoner, and from that you can see how he challenges himself or how he sees the world.

USgamer: So in that context Berkut would be a natural foil for Alm.

Kusakihara: That is exactly correct. We made Berkut to be an opposite of Alm. Fire Emblem Echoes has many elements where there are two opposing views. One that comes to mind immediately is Alm and Celica: One of a girl, and one is a boy. One tries to resolve the war through power, the other through empathy and believing in others. As for Berkut, he was a force that was fighting against Alm when he was powering through his side of the story. This is just my personal thought, I was thinking perhaps that if Alm did grow up in the Rigelian Empire, he might turn into someone like Berkut.

USG: You changed a lot in Fire Emblem Echoes, but one thing that is kind of the same is the maps, which are quite a bit more open and maybe a bit simpler than they were in previous games. Why did you decide to keep the maps the way they were?

Nakanishi: As I mentioned before, I really wanted to focus on the unique features that were implemented in Gaiden. One of those things were the maps, and we didn't intend to change those maps. So to leave the unique features of Fire Emblem Gaiden, there were things like the bow user being able to shoot longer ranges and the magicians using HP to use magic. That kind of strategy is what I think makes Fire Emblem Gaiden very interesting. So this is definitely different from recent games like Fire Emblem Fates or Heroes, but we hope people will see this as unique or fresh.

Kusakihara: One thing when we were creating the maps... We noticed the maps in this game were very different in scale. Things like the bow as I mentioned were one of the things that changed. But in the original, castles and structures were expressed in one box, while in this game it was perhaps like... nine boxes. So I think, perhaps, people who developed this game wanted to focus more on the characters. Those features were what made Gaiden distinct, and we wanted to keep them in the game as well.

Fire Emblem Echoes: Shadows of Valentia Review: Faithful to a Fault

A refreshingly inventive take on Fire Emblem is partly undone by poorly-balanced difficulty.

Fire Emblem Echoes' Developers: Growth Rates Need to be Improved in Future Fire Emblem Games

Developers from Intelligent Systems and Nintendo share their thoughts on growth rates, class changes, and Mila's Turnwheel.

Shadows of Valentia puts more emphasis on grinding than most Fire Emblem games.

USgamer: Why did you decide to bring back Support conversations, but not marriage and children, which were in Fates and Awakening?

Nakanishi: We wanted to emphasize the scenario and focus on that. Fire Emblem Gaiden follows Alm and Celica, two very different heroes with different views. So let's say that you could have Alm and Celica marry. That would deter from the original story that was in Gaiden. On a sidenote, that was why we also didn't include avatars in this game--we wanted to focus on Alm and Celica's story. But we thought that the Support system was a good way to establish relationships, so that's why we decided to implement them for some of the characters.

USG: I've played a lot of Fire Emblem games, and this was probably the hardest one I've ever played. What are your thoughts on the difficulty?

Nakanishi: Fire Emblem Echoes is one of the games that is definitely very heavy in [roleplaying elements]. It has monsters and fantasy, but a big part of it is also raising your characters and your team. So if you go into dungeons and grind for XP, it will be much easier to face enemies later. And that's why I think this is very much an RPG. After the release in Japan, we heard both extremes-some people thought it was very easy, and some people thought it was very hard. So if you are getting a little frustrated, my suggestion would be to go raise your characters for experience. On the other hand, if you're a player that's looking for a challenge, I would advise that you don't grind and keep going. Also, there are some things that you can only get if you finish quickly, so I hope you can enjoy those elements in the game as well.

USgamer: You said the name Fire Emblem Echoes was chosen very carefully. Does that mean more remakes are coming in the future?

Nakanishi: Nothing that we can share right now, and nothing particular comes to mind. But as you probably already noticed, Echoes means 'reflecting from the past.' So I do think that going on forward, if we were to make more remakes, 'Echoes' is a really good name to use.

Intelligent Systems wants to revisit growth rates for the future.

USG: In revisiting Fire Emblem Gaiden is there anything that you kind of learned from your experience that could see yourself applying to future games?

Kusakihara: Originally this game was for the Famicom, and since it was a small-sized game, we thought it would be easy. But as it turned out, there were a lot of maps, and the developers behind it had a lot of detailed thoughts behind the parameters of the game. So implementing things like that and trying to transition it over to the remake was a bit hard.

Nakanishi: We definitely wanted to make a game that people who have played the original game would enjoy, but also people who were new to the franchise. So it was definitely a learning experience evaluating what to leave in and what to take out. This is just based on the feedback in Japan, but it seems like Echoes is definitely resonating with both the original gamers who played the original but also new players as well. We definitely do notice that players who say, 'I wish that this were in here,' so we've taken those comments and we hope to reflect that in the games going forward.

USG: Can you give me an example of something you would leave because you thought it worked extremely well in Shadows of Valentia?

Nakanishi: One of the things we want to improve on in the future is the growth rate of the characters. We changed the growth rate by two times or three times from the original; but we've heard feedback that it wasn't enough, so that's something we will keep in mind for the future. In Fire Emblem Echoes the characters can become many different characters from villager to mercenary to archer, and we thought this was what we could do at the most. But perhaps there's more room to consider more options in the future.

USG: Would you consider bringing back Mila's Turnwheel for a future game?

Kusakihara: We introduced Mila's Turnwheel because we wanted to make the simulation part interesting. In a lot of the past titles there have been moments where you would get stuck or make mistakes and have to reset, but Mila's Turnwheel definitely alleviates that frustration, and I think it works well. But as for Mila's Turnwheel specifically, we would have to determine the theme of each game, so I think it would determine the theme of the game we would work on.

USgamer: What have the last three games meant for the series?

Nakanishi: We have been talking about how this game is a remake, but it is a 3DS title, and it is a third one, and it has definitely evolved from the previous ones. In North America, it's never been released, so to players it will be a completely different experience and we hope they will enjoy it. The last three games have been played by a lot of people, and we're very grateful for that. You may also know that [a new Fire Emblem] is also going to be released on the Switch, and that it's going to be looking beautiful with great graphics, so we hope you will look forward to that as well.

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Comments 13

  • Avatar for Lonecow #1 Lonecow 4 months ago
    I'm in the middle of Chapter IV and I wouldn't say this is the hardest Fire Emblem game I've played. The Turnwheel being a major reason for that. Does the game really ramp up in difficulty in the last two chapters or something?

    I've played the original, so I might have a slight advantage, as I kind of know what to expect. Moreso than I thought I would before I started it. It really keep a lot of the original in tact,which is great.

    Great Interview also!
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  • Avatar for Kat.Bailey #2 Kat.Bailey 4 months ago
    @lonecow What's the hardest FE you'be played?

    In my opinion it does considerably kick up the difficulty in the last two chapters.
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  • Avatar for Lonecow #3 Lonecow 4 months ago
    @Kat.Bailey Well it's probably not a fair answer but Genology of the Holy War is a thing of nightmares. Maps can last for hours. But the story is probably the best of all the games. I really hope it is on their list of "Echo" remakes if that is the branding now.

    But not counting that Radiant dawn is the only FE I've never finished because of difficulty.
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  • Avatar for Ralek #4 Ralek 4 months ago
    "You may also know that it's also going to be released on the Switch, and that it's going to be looking beautiful with great graphics, so we hope you will look forward to that as well."

    Is this an iffy translation, or is he saying that Echoes is coming to the Switch? Oo The whole paragraph would make you assume "it" refers to Echoes after all. I guess that is mistake though, since we know a not yet announced FE game is coming to the Switch (besides Warriors of ourse).

    As for the difficulty, I actually found it easier than Awakening and Fates for the most part. Esp. the first chapter was a surprise as you couldn't fail those missions - I mean, I srsly doubt it were possible even if you tried. Difficulty ramps up quite a bit after that, but for some reason the A.I. seemed more forgiving?

    I always think of the A.I. in FE games as a kind of berserker A.I. trying to score a kill no matter what (and thus causing like 99% of players to reset). It was never good at tactics, but it often enough succeeded in overwhelming a single char at some point - even if only due to sheer crit luck or the likes. Anyways, the Echoes A.I. didn't seemed to focused on picking the weakest link in range and throwing everything at it to score that one kill, esp. since it was always easily distracted (for some reason) by summons.
    Also the turnwheel just made it a lot less time consuming to deal with mistakes, bad luck or just input errors or oversights. Plus, on top of all that, it was really easy to just wander into a dungeon and grind out a level or at least finished a level, without any issue. XP was defacto unlimited even without buying any DLC. Obviously, if you push this, you ruin the game, but in case you're really stuck, it can help even things out a bit.
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  • Avatar for Kat.Bailey #5 Kat.Bailey 4 months ago
    @Ralek The thing for me was the map design. The last quarter of the game had maps where you were being blocked by waves of constantly respawning enemies while having your health chipped away by using magic, attrition, etc. Plus magic users would be in and knock out the tanks. Unless you broke through quickly you would be worn down and eventually start to lose people. I found that kind of difficulty cheap and annoying compared to the more finely tuned design of Conquest.

    I had next to no problem beating Awakening or Fates. They were middle of road compared in terms of difficulty.
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  • Avatar for Mr.Spo #6 Mr.Spo 4 months ago
    Yes, so far (half-way through Chapter IV) I've found Echoes fairly reasonable in terms of difficulty, certainly less difficult than I found Conquest. As others have said, I certainly find the Turnwheel helps, and whereas some missions are fairly long (around 40-45 minutes), that's not really something that bothers me. I really think, with the more traditional RPG elements and aesthetics at least, there's a lot Shadows of Valentia could bring to a new entry for the Switch.

    I'd be really interested in seeing more remakes under the Echoes brand. Genealogy of the Holy War seems an obvious choice to me.
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  • Avatar for Ralek #7 Ralek 4 months ago
    @Kat.Bailey I agree on cheap and annoying, totally, but I didn't find it challenging as those summons were just cannon fodder. For the most part, they just slowed you down by enforcing a version of trench warfare so to speak. Might have been a different story if weapons and spells had a limited durability, but as it were, you had unlimited weapon use and just as important unlimited heal. Combined with the A.I. that seemed comfortable focusing your own summons ... it was really just a matter of patience.
    Actually, even without grinding the dungeons or using any DLC, those summons were an almost endless stream of XP.

    I'm surprised to hear you had an easier time with Awakening and Fates. Without engaging in any grind, I had a tough time with those games on lunatic - at least by comparison. I don't think I ever used more than one or two resets on any Echoes map. I'd say 2/3, I beat with any resets at all, most probably even without the turnwheel. Awakening saw me reseting maps, dozens and dozens of times, but maybe that is just me.
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  • Avatar for riderkicker #8 riderkicker 4 months ago
    " That would deter from the original story that was in Gaiden. " Why not do it?
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  • Avatar for One_Vurfed_Gwrx #9 One_Vurfed_Gwrx 4 months ago
    Nice to see they released a game without all the extraneous marriage and kids stuff. Hopefully it will still sell well enough not to put them off leaving out in the future where they want to.

    Waiting for my copy to arrive so not played this yet...
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  • Avatar for Gamer-Law #10 Gamer-Law 4 months ago
    @Kat.Bailey - Great interview, Kat! It was interesting to read the developer insight after finishing the game. I think it provides a better understanding of what they set out to accomplish with Echoes.

    The level of difficulty in a particular Fire Emblem game is somewhat subjective. Having played all of the games in the series, I realize that I will probably not expereince the same challenges in a new title as someone who is playing their first FE title. That said, I would point to Thracia 776 and Radiant Dawn as two of the more difficult games in the series. Even FE Fates Conquest on Hard presented a far greater challenge than Echoes on Hard/Classic.

    Having played Gaiden several years ago, I enjoyed the updated experience in Echoes. For a variety of reasons, I did not find the game to be as challenging as several reviewers initially suggested. As Ralek notes, the Cantors and enemy summons presented more of an annoyance than a challenge. I don't want to spoil anyone's experience by posting the strategy that I used, so I will just say that finding the right strategy helped a lot in clearing the Cantors and their summons.

    The relatively low stat growths in Echoes means that character development is varied and can be entirely different in subsequent play throughs. This definitely enhances replayability for those who want another go at it.

    Overall, another solid entry in the FE series. Looking forward to what IS brings us on the Switch!
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  • Avatar for sylviaalvarado77 #11 sylviaalvarado77 4 months ago
    Deleted October 4000 by Unknown
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  • Avatar for Lonecow #12 Lonecow 4 months ago
    Unrelated really to the discussion so far, but I really hope they revaluate the use of Casual mode in future games. This is a divisive issue I understand, but having a casual mode in Echos is a strange choice because the game has multiple ways built in to revive units, and the aforementioned Turnwheel mechanic. Perhaps a casual mode with unlimited Turnwheel uses would have been better and been a better way to get new players to learn how to play the games.

    I can understand Casual mode in Awakenings and Fates for people who really want to just do the marriage and child raising stuff (which I don't mind and I hope returns in future games if done well), but that said, even then I think they should figure out ways to just introduce casual play within the game itself instead of having a seperate mode which kind of breaks the game.

    One thing that drove me crazy in Fates, and too a lesser degree Awakening, was there are so many characters intrigal to the story that even if they die on the battlefield, they don't die in the story. So it ruins the tension of "I've lost that character forever". And then why can some characters die and then some are able to escape? It breaks the illusion that each character is valuable.

    Perhaps in future games characters that are tied to the story don't die at all. They can't be used for that map, but for the next map they are good to go. Units that aren't tied to the story die forever. They could then have a set of story characters which would work for someone wanting to play more casually, and then more "expert" characters that might have better stats or growth but can die and not be used again. I think this is how Valkyria Chronicles worked, but they also gave you a lot of time to save an endangered unit as well, which I don't think would work for Fire Emblem.

    Just some thoughts I had about Casual Mode. I'm not a hater of it, and if people want to play in Casual Mode more power to them, I just think there are more graceful ways to make it part of the game instead of the shoehorned method they seem to have right now. Picking a difficulty level and a Casual or Classic mode for every Fire Emblem game from now on seems a little ridiculous.
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  • Avatar for TernBird #13 TernBird 4 months ago
    @lonecow When I spoke to a Gamestop employee, GotHW was DEFINITELY the game she wanted to see remade now that Gaiden was back. Provided, she also had a thing for Seliph, but who am I to judge? :)

    I mean, my main concern in Nintendo avoiding GotHW was the canonical incest. But hey, if you can marry family in Fates...
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  • Avatar for Lonecow #14 Lonecow 4 months ago
    @TernBird My concern before Echoes if they remade Genealogy would be them wanting to make the story silly like it was in Fates. Fates got downright goofy for a lot of it.

    Echoes can get pretty melodramatic, but I think it is back on the right track.

    Genealogy, was written the same year as the first Game of Thrones novel and probably around the time of the first Witcher novel it feels very much like a fantasy work like it's contemporaries. It is dark, and not the least bit silly. The midway point is very much a scene like the Red Wedding. And like you said the Incest... and basically the rape of one of the characters.

    It's got some messed up stuff in that game, and I wouldn't want any of it changed if they remade it.

    but like I said, after Echoes I have a little more faith modern Nintendo could pull it off.
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